Hanoi is not only the capital of Vietnam; it is the political and cultural center of the country. It is a city begat by mythology and inspired by legends.
It has been a survivor of countless violent struggles and political intrigues, sustained on patriotism, ideology and the willful independence of its people.
This is a city that has experienced an eventful millennium. Hanoi is the capital of the Socialist Republic of Vietnam.
North of the lake are the bustling streets of the Old Quarter, each street named after the trade that used to take place there. Ho Chi Minh established the Viet Minh during the Second World War in order to gain independence.
According to the estimation in the year 2004, Hanoi Population is around 3,058,000.
Hanoi was the political center of an independent Vietnam with a few brief interruptions. It was eclipsed by Hu? during the Nguyen Dynasty as the capital of Vietnam, but served as the capital of French Indochina from 1887 to 1945. From 1945 to 1976, it was the capital of North Vietnam.
Hanoi's population is constantly growing, a reflection of the fact that the city is both a major metropolitan area of Northern Vietnam, and also the country's political centre.
This population growth also puts a lot of pressure onto the infrastructure, some of which is antiquated and dates back from the early 20th century.
People and Ethnic Tribes of Hanoi
When you talk of Hanoi Population, one should know that most Hanoians have been here for three generations or more. The number is likely to be very small as compared to the overall Hanoi population of the city.
The Hanoians are a reflection of a past where Hanoi is the convergent point for much of the country's talents in arts and education. 85% of Hanoi's Population comprises of ethnic Vietnamese. 3% of Hanoi's Population is ethnic Chinese or Khmer, Cham (a remnant of the once great Indianised Champa Kingdom) and members of some 55 ethno-linguistic groups.
Earlier, at the beginning of the Bronze Age, the Viet tribe groups had settled down in the north of Central Vietnam. There were about 15 groups of Lac Viet tribesmen living mainly in the northern highland and delta and a dozen Au Viet groups of tribesmen living in Viet Bac, the northern region of old Vietnam.
At that time, the two ethnic tribes of the Lac Viet and Au Viet lived together in many areas with other inhabitants. Among these Lac Viet tribes was the Van Lang. it was the most powerful tribe. Based on historical documents, researchers correlatively delineated the location of Van Lang Nation to the present day regions of North and north of Central Vietnam, as well as the south of present-day Kwangsi (China).
Speaking of ethnic tribes, one must mention about Thuc Phan who nominated himself as King An Duong Vuong and founded Au Lac Nation with groups of Lac Viet and Au Viet tribes. In 179 BC, Trieu Da, King of Nam Viet (China), invaded Au Lac country. The resistance of An Duong Vuong failed soon after this invasion./.Asiarooms