Geography of Hanoi Capital
Hanoi is located in the Red River Delta, in the center of North Vietnam.
It is encompassed by Thai Nguyen, Vinh Phuc provinces to the north, Hoa Binh and
Ha Nam to the south, Bac Giang, Bac Ninh and Hung Yen provinces to the east, Hoa
Binh and Phu Tho to the west.
Hanoi means "the hinterland between the rivers" (Ha: river, Noi:
interior). Hanoi's territory is washed by the Red River (the portion of the Red
River embracing Hanoi is approximately 40km long) and its tributaries, but there
are some other rivers flowing through the capital, including Duong, Cau, Ca Lo,
Day, Nhue, Tich, To Lich and Kim Nguu.
Climate: Hanoi is situated in a tropical monsoon zone with two main
seasons. During the dry season, which lasts from October to April, it is cold
and there is very little rainfall, except from January to March, when the
weather is still cold but there is some light rain.
The wet season, from May to September, is hot with heavy rains and storms.
The average annual temperature is 23.2ºC (73.7ºF) and the average annual
rainfall is 1,800mm.
The average temperature in winter is 17.2ºC (62.9ºF), but can go down to
8ºC (46.4ºF). The average temperature in summer is 29.2ºC (84.6ºF), but can
reach up to 39ºC (102.2ºF).