Yen Tu festival – traditional spiritual tourist destination
Yen Tu Festival (Source: VNA)
Festival, which is held at the Yen Tu historical relic and landscape area,
northern Quang Ninh province, from the tenth day of the Lunar New Year through
the end of the third lunar month, has become a big spring festival for
Buddhists and tourists nationwide.
Located 1,068 metres above sea levels, Yen
Tu Mountain has different names such as Tuong Son (Elephant Mountain), Bach Van
(White Cloud), Phu Van Son (Floating Cloud) and Linh Son (Holy Mountain).
The Yen Tu historical relic and landscape
area encompasses Thuong Yen Cong commune and Phuong Dong ward in the north-west
of Uong Bi city, Quang Ninh province.
In the 13th
century, King-Monk Tran Nhan Tong (1258-1308), the third king of the Tran
dynasty (1225-1400), abdicated the
throne when he was 35 and spent the rest of his life on Yen Tu Mountain,
At the end of the Ly dynasty (1009-1225) and the beginning of
the Tran dynasty, Yen Tu was a Buddhist worship venue for many monks like Hien
Quang, Vien Chung, Dai Dang, Tieu Dao and Hue Tue.
When Tran Nhan Tong practised Buddhism on the mountain, he
founded the first
Vietnamese School of Buddhism called “Thien Tong,” Vietnam Zen Buddhism,
turning the site into the capital of Vietnamese Buddhism.
During the past
nearly 1,000 years, hundreds of pagodas and shrines have been built throughout
the Yen Tu complex, including structures which boast thousands of prized statues
Yen Tu is also a museum of architecture and diverse fauna and
flora. It has favourable conditions for research in history, spiritual culture,
tourism potential, ecological environment, bio diversity and gene protection.
The complex is
a demonstration of interactions between human beings and nature, reflecting the
uninterrupted residence of people, especially Buddhists, for thousands of
Yen Tu also witnessed Vietnam’s struggles against invaders
from the north and the west, becoming a symbol of Vietnam’s independence and
significant historical, cultural and natural values, Yen Tu was recognised as a
Special National Relic Site in September 2012. It was also selected as one of
the 10 most popular spiritual destinations in Vietnam by the Vietnam Records
The website of
the UN Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organisation (UNESCO) included Yen
Tu relic in the list of nominated heritages.-VNA