05/10/2009 | 11:21:59

Hanoi becomes capital of Democratic Republic of Vietnam

The successful revolution brought Vietnam into a new era. But the mainstream of difficulties still confronted Hanoi. Between September 1945 and May 1946 Chiang Kai-sheck troops returned, under the false game of disarming the Japanese. They sought to cooperate with Quoc Dan Đang to stem the revolutionary tide.

The people of Hanoi and the whole country united under the President Ho Chi Minh banner to protect the revolution, to minimise the enemy’s destruction and the impact of the famine, illiteracy and the exhausted budget.

It was at this time that the French indulged in numerous provocations against Saigon and opened fire to attack Hanoi. President Ho Chi Minh proclaimed an appeal to the nation for a resistance. On Dec. 19, 1946, the national resistance war broke out. Hanoi experienced 60 days and nights of brave and brilliant fighting against the enemy, which was worth being written down as a page of glory in our history.

After two months fighting to tie down the enemy troops protecting the withdrawal of the government to the revolutionary base (Viet Bac), the "capital regiment" retreated safely back to the liberated areas joining the national resistance war. A guerrilla war was launched in the suburbs of Hanoi, which grew during the year 1947-1948. In the enemy-held city guerrillas existed, the people sheltered partisans and dedicated activists.

Bases constantly developed in factories, schools and even in markets. This was the context in which the Hanoi students organised a big school boycott (between 13-20 January 1950) to protest against the French and the puppet government who had killed Tran Van On in Saigon. An intensive patriotic movement grew, young people hid themselves from recruitment, sent off protests against recruitment and escaped to the liberated areas. The struggle in the enemy-held city led to remarkable feats such as the attack against Bach Mai airport, destroying 25 aircraft and burning 600,000 litres of petrol, and against Gia Lam airport, destroying 18 aircraft and a petrol store in 1954.

After the fall of Đien Bien Phu, the Geneva Agreements stipulated that Hanoi was the base for the French 80-day deadline of regroupment. The people of Hanoi were successful in turning the city into a dead zone during this period, but into a lively resurrection when the revolutionary army arrived.

On 10 October 1954 Ho Chi Minh's victorious army, including the sons and daughters of Hanoi, returned from the revolutionary base to take over the capital ushering a new era for Hanoi and the whole nation./.

Print Bookmark