25/09/2009 | 12:40:18

Hanoi - our capital city

Having been away from Hanoi for many years, I have witnessed a rapid change of the city when I came back.

Trams’ warning sounds were now in the past. Streets which have been widened. Gates to the city’s centre are now busy with automobiles and motorbikes. Multi-storey buildings have mushroomed. People’s busy lifestyles have made the city’s life busier during the market economy.

This is what a citizen of Hanoi, Nguyen Van Chuong, who was away from it for years, has described when he is back to the city.

Mr Chuong recalled that on the day, when young people in the capital city of our generation gathered at the Ly Thai To park, before leaving Hanoi, the park had been perked by bomb shelters. It reminded us of 12 heroic days and nights when the Hanoians fought against the US’s B-52 carpet bombing raids on the city.

Yet the shelters are now replaced by the Statue of King Ly Cong Uan, who issued the Royal Edict to move the capital city from Hoa Lu to Thang Long. The statue was inaugurated on the occasion of 994th anniversary of Thang Long-Hanoi and the 50th Liberation Day of the capital city, October 10, 2004.

The bronze statue, cast by famous artisans from Nam Dinh, weighs 14 tonnes, not to mention its pedestal, which weighs 20 tonnes.
The building of the statue, which is 10.10 metres high, depicts Hanoian’s great respect to the founding father of the capital city.

The Red River has witnessed significant changes recently. The Hoa Binh hydro-electric power plant has helped Hanoi control floods since it was put into operation. As a result, people in six wards outside the Red River dyke have no longer had to evacuate, when floods occur.

A development master plan for areas outside the dyke, conducted by Hanoi’s authorities in cooperation with Seoul (the Republic of Korea), is attracting much attention from the public in Hanoi in particular and Vietnam in general.

The Red River has a 40 kilometre section through Hanoi, directing the districts of Tay Ho, Ba Dinh, Hoan Kiem, Hai Ba Trung, Hoang Mai, Long Bien, Tu Liem Dong Anh, Gia Lam and Thanh Tri. The area, where the river flows across, is home to 39,000 households with around 170,000 people.

After around two years of study, development orientations for the area have been basically worked out.

Firstly, two banks of the river will be strengthened to cope with floods. Then the river bed will be expanded in some places to lower the river’s water level.

Secondly, the scale of urban areas along the river will be defined. Four modern areas will be built.

The first area will be located in the north of the Thang Long bridge. It consists of new residential areas, and trade and service centres.
The second area, between the Thang Long and Chuong Duong bridges, has been planned to have financial and trade centres, and luxurious residential areas on the southern bank, and a new urban area, an international exhibition centre and a sports complex on the northern bank.

The third area, between the Chuong Duong and Thanh Tri bridges, will have a modern urban area on the southern bank, and an ecological park, a residential area and goods distribution area on the northern bank.

The fourth area, south of the Thanh Tri bridge, will have an ecological area on the southern bank, and a new urban area on the northern bank, which will be build in the south of Kim Lan and Van Duc communes. Bat Trang pottery village will be kept.

Hanoi now has many new urban areas, such as Dinh Cong, Linh Dam, Trung Yen, Trung Hoa - Nhan Chinh, My Dinh and Southern Thang Long. These areas are developed modernly and completely.
Our capital city is developing. Possibly it is yet to be a modern city, but no slums have existed as they are often found in many modern cities in the world.

Over the last few years, Hanoi has been recognised as the locality with the highest human development index in Vietnam.

The achievement does not belong to Hanoians only, but to the people in the whole country./.(VietNamNet Bridge)

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